The Inner Art of Airmanship

References Cited in Text

Air Accidents Investigation Branch (2010). Report on the accident to Boeing 777-236ER, G-YMMM, at London Heathrow airport on 17 January 2008. Hampshire. UK: Department for Transport.

Arkowitz, H & Lilienfeld, S. O. (2010). The “just do it!” trap: Why dr. Phil and dr. Laura won’t solve your problems. Scientific American Mind, September/October 2010, pages 64-65.

Austin, J. (2009). Selfless insight: Zen and the Mediative Transformations of Consciousness. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press

Auxier, E. (2015). Black Swan Event: Interview with Captain Richard de Crespigny—Part 1. Airways News, 28 May 2015,

Awakawa, Y. (1970). Zen Painting. Tokyo: Kodansha Int.

Aydin, K., Ucar, A., Oguz, K. K., Agayev, A. Unal, Z., Yilmaz, S. & Ozturk, C. (2007). Increased gray matter density in the parietal cortex of mathematicians: A voxel-based morphometry study. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 28, pages 1859-1864.

Bacon, F. (1620). Novum Organon, standard translation by J. Spedding, R. L. Ellis & D. D. Heath in The Works (Vol. VIII), published in Boston by Taggard and Thompson in 1863.

Bangert, M. & Schlaug, G. (2006). Specialization of the specialized in features of external human brain morphology. European Journal of Neuroscience. 24, pages 1832 — 1834.

Barbour, J. (1994). The timelessness of quantum gravity I, II. Classical and Quantum Gravity 11, pages 2853-2897. Julian’s website is

Barrell, J. J. & Ryback, D. (2008). Psychology of Champions. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Baylis, N. (2004). Teaching Positive Psychology. In P. A. Linley & S. Joseph (Eds.) Positive Psychology in Practice, page 211. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Benner, P. (1984). From Novice to Expert: Excellence and Power in Clinical Nursing Practice. Menlo Park, CA: Addison-Wesley.

Berger, P. & Bortstein, L. (1977). The Boys of Indy. Amsterdam, NY: X-S Books.

Bower, G. H. (1981). Mood and memory. American Psychologist, 2, pages 129-148.

Brady, F. (1973). Bobby Fischer: Profile of a prodigy. New York: Dover.

Brigliadori, L. & R. (2009). Competing in Gliders: Winning With Your Mind. 2nd Ed. Trans A. E. Sheard. Rome: Salvioni.

Bryan, W. L., & Harter, N. (1899). Studies on the telegraphic language: The acquisition of a hierarchy of habits. Psychological Review, 64, pages 123-152.

Buck, L. (1989). Human error at sea. Human Factors Bulletin, 32, 9, page 12.

Burke, S. & Orlick, T. (2003). Mental strategies of elite Mount Everest climbers. Journal of Excellence, 8, pages 42-58.

Cahn, B. R, & Polich, J. (2006). Meditation states and traits: EEG, ERP, and neuroimaging studies. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 2, pages 180-211.

Callahan, S. (1986). Adrift: Seventy-six Days Lost At Sea. New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin.

Campitelli, G. & Gobet, F. (2001). Deliberate practice: Necessary but not sufficient. Current Directions inPsychological Science, 20(5), pages 280-285.

Cannonieri, G. C., Bonilha L., Fernandes, P. T., Cendes, F. & Li, L.M. (2007). Practice and perfect: length of training and structural brain changes in experienced typists. Neuroreport. 18, 10, pages 1063-1066.

Carretta, T. R., Perry Jr., D. C. & James Ree, M. (1996). Prediction of situational awareness in F-15 pilots. The International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 6, 1, pages 21-41.

Carter, O. L., Presti, D. E., Callistemon, C., Ungerer, Y., Liu, G.B., Pettigrew, J. D. (2005). Meditation alters perceptual rivalry in Tibetan Buddhist monks. Current Biology, 15, 11, R412-413.

Chambliss, D. F. (1989). The mundanity of excellence: An ethnographic report on stratification and Olympic swimmers. Sociological Theory, 7, 1, pages 70-86.

Christensan-Szalanski, J. J. J., & Beach, L. R. (1984). The Citation Bias: Fad and Fashion in the Judgment and decision Literature. American Psychologist, 39, pages 75-78.

Christakoua, A., Zervasa, Y. & Lavalleeb, D. (2007). The adjunctive role of imagery on the functional rehabilitation of a grade II ankle sprain. Human Movement Science, 26, 1, pages 141-154

Conlin, M. (2004). Meditation: New research shows that it changes the brain in ways that alleviate stress, BusinessWeek, August 30 2004. And for more popular coverage see Mind & Body section in Newsweek, September 27, 2004.

Collogan, D. (2006). NTSB critical of failures in Challenger overrun at TEB. Retrieved on 2007-02-25 from

Colvin, G. (2008). Why Talent is Overrated: What Really Seperates World-Class Preformers from Everybody Else. New York, NY: Penguin Group.

Coyle, D. (2009). The Talent Code. New York, NY: Bantam.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990). Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. New York, NY: Harper & Row.

Cumming, J. & Ramsey, R. (2008). Imagery interventions in sport. In S. Mellalieu (Ed) Advances in Applied Sport Psychology: A Review. Florence, KY, USA: Routledge.

Cross, P. (1977). Not can but will college teaching be improved. New Directions for Higher Education, 17, pages 1-15.

Cunningham, W. (1977). The All-American Boys, page 5. Macmillan.

Demaret, J. (1954). My Partner, Ben Hogan. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Davies, D. P. (1971). Handling the Big Jets: The significant differences in flying qualities between jet transport aeroplanes and piston-engined transport aeroplanes. (3rd Ed.) London: Civil Aviaiton Authority.

Dijksterhuis, A. (2004). Think different: The merits of unconscious thought in preference development and decision making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, pages 817-830

Draganski, B., Gaser, C., Busch, V., Schuierer, G., Bogdahn, U. & May, A. (2004). Neuroplasticity: Changes in grey matter induced by training. Nature 427, 311-312.

Driemeyer, J., Boyke, J., Gaser, C., B — chel, C. & May, A. (2008). Changes in gray matter induced by learning--revisited. PLoS ONE 3(7): e2669. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002669

Dreyfus, H. J. & Dreyfus S. E. (2005). Peripheral vision: Expertise in real world contexts. Organization Studies, 26(5), pages 779-792.

Ebbage, L. & Spencer, P. D. (2003). Airmanship training for modern aircrew. Paper presented at the TRO HFM Symposium Advanced Technologies for Military Training (Technologies avanc — es pour lentra — nement militaire). Genoa, Italy, 13-15 December 2003. RTO-MP-HFM-101 .

Edwards, C. (2008). Airmanship Marlborough, UK: Crowood Press.

Ericsson, K. A. (1996). The road to excellence: The acquisition of expert performance in the arts and sciences, sports and games. Mahwah NJ: Erlbaum.

Ericsson, K. A. & Charness, N. (1994). Expert performance: Its structure and acquistion. American Psychologist, 49, pages 725-747.

Ericsson, K. A., Krampe, R. Th. & Tesch-Romer, C. (1993). The role of deliberate practice in the acquisition of expert performance. Psychological Review, 100, pages 363-406.

Ellison, K. (2007). The elastic brain. Discover, May 2007. p. 46-52.

Evans, J. B. T & Stanovich, K. E. (2013). Dual-process theories of higher cognition: Advancing the debate. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8(3), pages 223-241.

FAA (1977). Aviation Instructor’s Handbook. Washington, DC:U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, AC 60-14, page 16.

FAA (2004). Airplane Flying Handbook. Washington, DC:U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, FAA-8083-3A, page 15-7.

Fakoussa, T. (1999). The training of feelings. The Journal of Professional Aviation Training, July/August 1999, issue 6.

Ferchmin, P. A., & Eterovic, V. A. (1980). Four hours of enriched experience are sufficient to increase cortical weight of rats. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 6, 857.

Fredston, J. (2001). Rowing to Latitude: Journeys Along the Arctic’s Edge. New York: North Point Press

Galton, F. (1869). Hereditary genius. New York, NY: Macmillan.

Gardner, H. E. (1993). Creating minds: An anatomy of creativity seen through the lives of Freud, Einstein, Picasso, Stravinksy, Eliot, Graham, and Gandhi. New York, NY: Basic Books

Gaser, C. & Schlaug, G. (2003). Brain structures differ between musicians and non-musicians The Journal of Neuroscience; 23(27), pages 9240-9245.

Goleman, D. & Kaufmann, P. (1992). The art of creativity, Riding the white moment, Phychology Today, March 1992.

Gould, E., Beylin, A., Tanapat, P., Reeves, A., & Shors, T. J. (1999). Learning enhances adult neurogenesis in the hippocampal formation. Nature Neuroscience, 2, pages 260-265.

Gray, M. (2001). Time to celebrate the 'lost' craft of seamanship. BIMCO Bulletin, August 2001.

Green. (2003). The Mastery of Music: Ten Pathways to True Artistry. New York: Crown Archetype.

Gregory, V. (2010). Mediation fit for a marine: New experiments with the military affirm the benefits of mindfulness. Men’s Journal, November 2010.

Greenwald, A. G. (1980). The totalitarian ego: Fabrication and revision of personal history. American psychologist, 35,7, pages 603-618.

Haines, R. F. (1991). A breakdown in simultaneous information processing. In G. Obrecht & L. W. Stark (Eds.) Presbyopia Reseach: From Molecular Biology to Visual Adoption (pages 171-175). New York, NY: Plenum Publishing.

Hall, C. R., Rogers, W. M. & Buckolz, E. (1991). The effect of an imagery training program on imagery ability, imagery use and figure skating performance. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 3, pages 109-125.

Halverson, R. R. (2002). Representing phronesis: Supporting instructional leadership practice in school. Evanston, Il: Northwestern University. Field of Education and Social Policy — Learning Sciences. page 32.

Hänggi, J., Koeneke, S., Bezzola, L. & Jäncke, L. (2010). Structural neuroplasticity in the sensorimotor network of professional female ballet dancers. Human Brain Mapping, 31, pages 1196-1206.

Hardy, L., Jones, G. & Gould, D. (1996). Understanding psychological preparation for sport: Theory and practice of elite performers. Chichester, UK: Wiley.

Hemery, D. (1986). The pursuit of sporting excellence: A study of sport’s highest achievers. London, UK: Willow Books. page 104.

Henley, I., Anderson, P. & Wiggins, M. (1999). Integrating human factors educations in general aviation: Issues and teaching strategies. In D. O'Hare (Ed.), Human performance in general aviation (pages 89-117). Aldershot, UK: Ashgate.

Hirschman, D. (2015). Ageless aviators: Florida retirees still pushing their limits.AOPA Pilot. April, pages 50-57.

Hirth, W. (1952). Twelve commands for soaring pilots. Soaring. May/June, page 33.

Hobbs, A. (2004). Human factors: The last frontier of aviation safety? International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 14, 4, pages 335-341.

Hohmann, M. & Orlick, T. (2014). Examining the psychological skills used by elite canadian military pilots. Journal of Excellence, 16, pages 4-19.

Hölzel, B. K., Carmody, J., Vangel, M., Congleton, C., Yerramsetti, S. M., Gard, T. & Lazar, S. W. (2011). Mindfulness practice leads to increases in regional brain gray matter density. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 191, pages 36 — 43.

Hölzel, B. K., Lazar, S. W., Gard, T., Schuman-Olivier, T., Vago, D. R. & Ott, U. (2011). How does mindfulness meditation work? Proposing mechanisms of action from a conceptual and neural perspective. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6(6), pages 537– 559.

Howe, M. J. A. (2004). Some insights of geniuses into the causes of exceptional achievements. In L. V. Shavinina & M. Ferrari (Eds.), Beyond Knowledge: Extracognitive Aspects of Developing High Ability. Mehwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Howe, M. J. A., Davidson, J. W., & Sloboda, J. A. (1998). Innate gifts and talents: Reality or myth? Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 21, pages 399-407.

Iyengar, S. (2010). The Art of Choosing. New York, NY: Twelve.

Jackson, P. & Delehanty, H. (1995). Sacred Hoops: Spiritual Lessons of a Hardwood Warrior. New York, NY: Hyperion.

Jackson, S. (2012). Flow: The mindful edge in sport and performing arts. InPsych: The Bulletin of The Australian Psychological Society Limited. December 2012, pages 14-15.

Jackson, S. A.. (1996). Toward a conceptual understanding of the flow experience in elite athletes. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 67, pages 76-90.

Jackson, S. A.. (1992). Athletes in flow: A qualitative investigation of flow states in elite figure skaters. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 4, pages 161-180.

James, W. (1892). Psychology: The Briefer Course. Henry Holt & Company.

James, W. (1890). The Principles of Psychology. Dover Publications, 1950.

Jäncke, L., Koeneke, S., Hoppe, A., Rominger C. & H'nggi J. (2009). The architecture of the golfer’s brain, PLoS ONE 4 (3): e4785. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004785

Jäncke, L. (2009). The plastic human brain. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, 27, pages 521 — 538.

Jha, A., Stanley, E. A., Kiyonage, A., Wong, L. & Gelfand, L. (2010). Examining the protective effects of mindfulness training on working memory capacity and affective experience. Emotion, 10(1), pages 54-64.

Johnson, P. E. (1983). What kind of expert should a system be? The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 8, pages 77-97.

Jones, M. (2007). Open minded. Mad About Sport (issue 9), pages 10-13, Supplement to the Sunday Tribune, 23 December.

Jones, T. A., & Schallert, T. (1994). Use-dependent growth of pyramidal neurons after neocortical damage. Journal of Neuroscience, 14, pages 2140-2152.

Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever You Go, There You Are. New York, NY: Hachette Books.

Kemper, K. L. (1992). In flight decision making by high time and low time pilots during instrument operations. Thesis (M.S.) University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. DTIC ADA249990.

Kern, T. (1997). Redefining airmanship. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, pages 22-23.

Kern, T. (2009). Blue Threat: Why To Err Is Inhuman. Colorado Springs, CO: Pygmy Books.

Ketcham, C. (2005).  A-Rod’s Shrink will see you now. Men’s Journal, October 2005, pages 58-59.

Kozhevnikov, M., Louchakova, O., Josipovic, Z. & Motes, M. A. (2009). The enhancement of visuospatial processing efficiency through Buddhist deity meditation. Psychological Science, 20, 5, pages 645-653.

Langewiesche, W. (2009). Fly By Wire: The Geese, the Glide, the Miracle on the Hudson. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Lawson, G. (2000). The winner within: The coach who will put you in the zone, The New York Times Magazine, 11 June 2000.

Lazar, S. W., Kerrb, C. E., Wassermana, R. H., Gray, J. R., Greve, D. N., Treadway, M. T. (2005). Meditation experience is associated with increased cortical thickness. Neuroreport. November 28; 16(17): pages 1893 — 1897.

Lee, A. Y. & Hutchison, L. (1998). Improving learning from examples through reflection. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 4, 3, pages 187-210.

Lee, M. C. (2014). At Home With Bob Hoover. Plane&Pilot 28 January 2014.

Leonard, G. (1991). Mastery: The Keys to Success and Long-Term Fulfillment. New York, NY: Dutton Adult

Leshner, A. I. (2007). Behavioral science comes of age. Science, 316, 5827, page 953.

Levitin, D. J. (2006). This is your brain on music: The science of a human obsession. New York: Plume.

Li, G., Baker, S. P., Grabowski, J. G., Qiang, Y., McCarthy, M. L. & Rebok, G. W. (2003). Age, flight experience, and risk of crash involvement in a cohort of professional pilots.  American Journal of Epidemiology, 2003, 157, pages 874-880.

Little, J. (1996). The warrior within: The philosophies of Bruce Lee to better understand the world around you and achieve a rewarding life. New York: McGraw-hill, page 34.

Logan, G. (1988). Toward an instance theory of automatization. Psychological Review, 95, 4, pages 492-527.

MacGillivray, G. (Director). (1989). To The Limit [Motion Picture]. MacGillivray Freeman Films.

MacLean, K. A., Ferrer, E., Aichele, S. R., Bridwell, D. A., Zanesco, A. P. Jacobs, T. L., et al. (2010). Intensive meditation training improves perceptual discrimination and sustained attention. Psychological Science, 21(6), pages 829-839.

Macnamara, B. N., Hambrick, D. Z. and Oswald, F. L. (2014). Delibrate practice and performance in music, games, sports, education, and professions: A meta-analysis. Psychological Science, 25(8), pages 1608-1618.

Maguire, E. A., Woollett, K. & Spiers, H. J. (2006). London taxi drivers and bus drivers: A structural MRI and neuropsychological analysis. Hippocampus, 16, pages 1091 — 1101.

Mahoney, M. (1989). Psychological predictors of elite and non-elite performance in olympic weightlifting. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 20, 1, pages 1-12.

Manso, P. (1969). Vroom! Conversations with Grand Prix Champions, Funk & Wagnalls, page 121.

Maslow, A. H. (1971). The Further Reaches of Human Nature. New york, NY: Viking.

Maslow, A. H. (1968). Toward a Psychology of Being. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50, pages 370-396.

Masters, D. (2010). Soaring Beyond the Basics. 3rd Ed. Savage, MN: Cumulus Soaring.

Matlin, M. W. & Underhill, W. A. (1979). Selective rehearsal and selective recall. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 14(5), pages 389-392.

Mazur, J. E. (2006). Learning and Behavior. (6th edition) Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. page 24.

McClellan, J. M. (2010). The psychology of safety. Flying, 137, 6, June 2010, pages 8-10.

Milkman, K. L., Clugh, D. & Bazerman, M. H. (2009). How can decision making be improved? Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4(4), pages 379-383.

Mohler, S. R. & Johnson, B. H. (1971) Wiley Post, His Winnie Mae, and the World’s First Pressure Suit (Smithsonian Annals of Flight, No. 8). Washington, DC: Smithsonian.

Moore, P. J. & Telfer, R. A. (1993). Pilot’s approaches to learning. In R. Telfer (Ed.), Aviation instruction and training (pages 121-129). Aldershot, UK: Ashgate.

Morris, T., Spittle, M. & Watt, A.P. (2005). Imagery In Sport. Champaign, IL:Human Kinetics.

Mosing, M.A., Madison, G., Pederson, N.L., Kuja-Halkols, R. and Ullén, F. (2014). Practice does not make perfect: No causal effect of music practice on music ability. Psychology Science, 25(9), pages 1795-1803.

Murphy, S. M. (1994). Imagery interventions in sport. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 26, pages 486-494.

Newberg, A. B., et al. (2010). Cerebral blood flow differences between long-term meditators and non-meditators. Consciousness and Cognition, doi:10.1016/j.concog.2010.05.003.

Newell, A. & Rosenbloom, P. S. (1981). Mechanisms of skill acquisition and the law of practice. In J. R. Anderson (Ed.), Cognitive Skills and Their Acquisition. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Noel, R. C. (1980). The effect of visuo-motor behavior rehearsal on tennis performance. Journal of Sport Psychology, 1980, 2, pages 221-226.

National Transportation Safety Board. (1973). Aircraft Accident Report Eastern Air Lines, Inc. NTSB-AAR-83-14. Washington, DC: NTSB

Nicklaus, J. (1974). Golf My Way. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

O'Craven, K. & Kanwisher, N. (2000). Mental imagery of faces and places activates corresponding stimulus-specific brain regions. Journal of Cognitive Neroscience, 12:6, pages 1013-1023.

O'Hare, D. (1990). Pilots' perception of risks and hazards in general aviation. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 61, pages 599-603.

O'Hare, D., Mullen, N. & Arnold, A. (2010). Enhancing aeronautical decision making through case-based reflection. International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 2010, 20, 1, pages 48-58,

Onestak, D. M. (1997). The effect of visuo-motor behavior rehearsal (VMBR) and videotaped modeling (VM) on the free-throw performance of intercollegiate athletes. Journal of Sport Behavior, 20, 2, pages 185-199.

Phillips-Birt, D. (1971). A History of Seamanship. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.

Post, W. & Gatty, H. (1931). Around the World in Eight Days. New York, NY: Rand McNally.

Powell, G. E. (1973). Negative and positive mental practice in motor skill acquisition. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 37, page 312.

Prince, C. & Salas, E. (1997). Situation assessment for routine flight and decision making. International Jounal of Cognitive Ergonomics, 1, pages 315-324.

Ravizza, K. (1977). Peak experiences in sport. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 17, pages 35-40.

Restak, R. (2009). Think smart: A neuroscientist’s prescription for improving your brain’s performance. New York, NY: Riverhead books.

Roth, T. & Andre, T. S. (2004). Improving performance in pilot training by using the chair flying technique. Paper presented at the Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation, and Education Conference, Orlando, FL.

Rumelhart, D. E. & Norman, D. A. (1982). Simulating a skilled typist: A study of skilled cognitive-motor performance. Cognitive Science, 6, pages 1-26.

Rutan, D. (2011). Voyager prop loss. Pilotmag. March/April, pages 126-128.

Sadideen, H., Alvand, A., Saadeddin, M. & Kneebone, R. (2013). Surgical experts: Born or made? International Journal of Surgery, 11, 9, 2013, pages 773–778.

Schneider, E. T. (1998). Without Limits: NASA Test Projects. Vision Films. Interview on DVD.

Schribner, R. W. (3014). Warbird Pilot: Behind the Visor. Video on Vimeo at

Schriver, A. T., Morrow, D. G., Wickens, C. D. & Talleur, D. A. (2008). Expertise differences in attentional strategies related to pilot decision making. Human Factors, 50, 6, pages 864-878.

Senay, I., Albarracin, D. & Nogucho, K. (2010). Motivating goal-directed behavior through introspective self-talk: The role of the interrogative form of simple future tense. Psychological Science, 21, 4, pages 499-504.

Sheikh, A. A. & Korn, E.R. (Eds) (1994). Imagery In Sports and Physical Performance. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing.

Siebert, A. (1993). The Survivor Personality. New York, NY: Pratical Psychology Press.

Siegel, D. J. (2017). Mind: A Journey to the Heart of Being Human. New York, NY: W. W. Norton.

Simonton, D. K. (1994). Greatness: Who Makes History and Why. New York, NY: Guilford.

Slagter, H. A., Lutz, A., Greischar, L. L., Francis A. D., Nieuwenhuis, S., et al. (2007). Mental training affects distribution of limited brain resources. PLoS Biol 5(6): e138. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050138

Sloboda, J. A., Davidson, J. W., Howe, M. J. A. & Moore, D. G. (1996). The role of practice in the development of performing musicians. British Journal of Psychology, 87, pages 399-412.

Smith, D., Wright, C., Allsopp, A. and Westhead, H. (2007). It’s all in the mind: PETTLEP-based imagery and sports performance. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 19, pages 80 — 92.

Soho, T. (1986). The Unfettered Mind.Trans. William Scott Wilson. Tokyo: Kodansha International.

Sorensen, C. (2011). Cockpit crisis. Maclean’s magazine, Toronto. 24 August 2011.

Speelman, C. & Maybery, M. (1998). Automaticity and skill acquisition. In K. Kirsner, C. Speelman, M. Maybery, A. O'Brien-Malone, M. Anderson & C. MacLeod (Eds), Implicit And Explicit Mental Processes. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Stanovich, K. E. & West, R. F. (2000). Individual differences in reasoning: Implications for the rationality debate? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23, pages 645 — 726.

Sterman, M. B., Mann, C. A. (1995). Concepts and applications of EEG analysis in aviation performance evaluation. Biological Psychology. Special Issue: EEG in basic and applied settings. Vol 40(1-2), pages 115-130.

Sterman, M.B., Mann, C.A., Kaiser, D.A. and Suyenobu, B.Y. (1994). Multiband topographic EEG analysis of a simulated visuo-motor aviation task. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 16, 1, pages 49 — 56.

Stokes, A. F., Kemper, K. & Kite, K. (1997). Aeronautical decision making, cue recognition, and expertise under time pressure. In C. E. Zsambok & G. Klein (eds.), Naturalistic Decision Making, pages 183-196. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Sumwalt, R. L. (2014). Professionalism in Aviation. Presentation to the Aviation Institute at the University of Nebraska, Omaha, NE. 4 February 2014.

Szurovy, G. & Goulian, M. (1997). Advanced Aerobatics. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Tang, Y., Ma, Y., Wang, J., Fan, Y., Feng, S., Lu, Q. et al. (2007). Short-term meditation training improves attention and self-regulation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104, 43, pages 17152-17156.

Thoreau, H. D. (1842). Journal entry for March 31, 1842. In Shepard, O. (Ed.) The Heart of Thoreau’s Journals, page 31. New York: Dover Publications.

Tracey, J. & Ailes, E. (2013). Captain 'Winkle' Brown: Is he the greatest pilot ever? BBC News, 23 April 2013.

Tribble, C. (2001). Interview with Curt Tribble, elite surgeon. Interview by Terry Orlick. Journal of Excellence, Issue No. 5, pages 117-125.

Tucker, S. D. (2013). Sean D. Tucker: Living With Passion. Film by Director B. Hess and Producer T. Tucker, recorded at EAA AirVenture Oshkosh 2013.

Tullo, F. J. (2001). Responses to mistakes reveal more than perfect rides. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 21 May 2001, page 106.

Twombly, I. J. (2011). Mike Mangold. AOPA Pilot. June, page 112.

Ungerleider, S. (2002). Mental training for peak performance: Top athletes reveal the mind exercises they use to excel. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press.

Valiante, G. (2013). Golf FLow. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Vestergaard-Poulsen, P., van Beek, M., Skewes, J., Bjarkam, C. R., Stubberup, M., Bertelsen, J. & Roepstorff, A. (2009). Long-term meditation is associated with increased gray matter density in the brain stem. Neuroreport. January 28; 20(2), pages 170-174.

Waag, W. L. & Raspotnik, W. B. (1993). Effects of pilot background and experience on air combat maneuvering (acm) performance. In R. S. Jensen & D. Neumeister (eds.), Proceedings of the Seventh International Synposium on Aviation Psychology, pages 418-423.

Waag, W. L. & Bell, H. H. (1997). Situation assessment and decision making in skilled fighter pilots. In C. E. Zsambok & G. Klein (eds.), Naturalistic Decision Making, pages 247-254. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Walsh, R. & Shapiro, S. L. (2006). The meeting of meditative disciplines and western psychology: A mutually enriching dialogue. American Psychologist, 61, 3, pages 227-239.

Weinberg, R. S., Seabourne, T.G., & Jackson, A. (1981). Effects of visuomotor behavior rehearsal, relaxation, and imagery on karate performance. Journal of Sport Psychology, 3, pages 228-238.

Weisberger, H. (2007). Annual event targets rogue attitudes. Aviation International News, 27 December 2007.

Wichman, H. & Ball, J. (1983). Locus of control, self-serving biases, and attitudes towards safety in general aviation pilots. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 54, pages 507-510.

Williams, J. M. & Krane, V. (1993). Psychological characteristcs of peak performance. In J.M. Williams (ed.), Applied Sport Psychology: Personal Growth to Peak Performance, Mayfield, Mountain View, CA, pages 137-147.

Williams, N. (1975). Aerobatics. London, UK: Airlife.

Wilson, D. R. & Fallshore, M. (2001). Optimistic and ability biases in pilots' decisions and perceptions of risk regarding VFR flight into IMC. Paper presented at the 11th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, Columbus, OH.

Wittgenstein, L. (1953). Philosophical Investigations. Edited by G. H. von Wright, R. Rhees, G. E. M. Anscombe, Translated by G. E. M. Anscombe. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Wrzesniewski, A., McCauley, C., Rozin, P. & Schwartz, B. (1997). Jobs, careers, and callings: People’s relations to their work. Journal of Research in Personality, 31, 1997, pages 21-33.

Wynbrandt, J. (2010). Return of the moon walker. Pilotmag, Nov/Dec 2010, pages 38-44.

Xenophon (2013). The Complete Works of Xenophon. trans C. L. Brownson. Delphi Classics.

Zweig, D. (2014). Invisibles: The Power of Anonymous Work in an age of Relentless Self-Promotion. New York: Portfolio.

Isn’t it astonishing that all these secrets have been preserved for so many years just so that we could discover them!

Orville Wright

Using words to describe magic is like using a screwdriver to cut roast beef.

Tom Robbins

All speech, written or spoken, is a dead language, until it finds a willing and prepared hearer.

Robert Louis Stevenson

Five senses; an incurably abstract intellect; a haphazardly selective memory; a set of preconceptions and assumptions so numerous that I can never examine more than a minority of them - never become even conscious of them all. How much of total reality can such an apparatus let through?

C. S. Lewis

One is not likely to achieve understanding from the explanation of another.

Takuan Soho

Wisdom is knowledge which has become a part of one’s being.

Orison S. Marden